In stroke, as a result of problems with blood supply and as a consequence of insufficient supply of oxygen to the brain, brain tissue is destroyed.
There are several basic signs that indicate the onset of a stroke:
- Unexpected weakness or insensibility of the face, lower or upper limb;
- Problems with speech or its loss, problems with understanding someone else's speech;
- Double image in the eyes;
- Loss or impairment of vision (usually one eye);
- Loss of balance, dizziness;
- Recent changes in mental abilities or character;
- Causeless headache or changes in the usual sensation of pain.
So, we already know what symptoms have at the initial stage of the stroke. Treatment should be conducted as soon as possible. The sooner doctors get down to business, the more likely it is to reduce the damage or completely prevent the further development of the disease.
Much is solved in the first hours after a stroke. Typically, specialists immediately install systems that allow intravenous administration of drugs, liquid and, if necessary, nutrition. Sometimes the use of an oxygen mask is required.
Patients who develop cerebral stroke often prescribe drugs that reduce blood coagulability - anticoagulants. For example, it can be heparin. However, they are not given in cases when the stroke is already at the final stage. Do not assign them to hypertensive patients and those who have a hemorrhage in the brain.
Recent studies have revealed that the development of paralysis and other symptoms can be prevented by injecting within three hours of the onset of stroke drugs that dissolve blood clots. For example, it can be fibrinolysin or streptokinase. True, this method is effective only in cases where the cause of a stroke is a blood clot, rather than bleeding.
Sometimes treatment involves surgical intervention (if the lumen of the carotid artery narrows more than 70%) - only in this case it is possible to help the patient avoid the risk of experiencing a second stroke. The symptoms, treatment and consequences of it can be much more complicated and harder than with the first stroke.
Corticosteroids, mannitol and some other medicines are usually prescribed in the first days after a stroke to reduce swelling and pressure on the brain.
Often it is necessary to treat concomitant conditions, including heart failure, high blood pressure, arrhythmia and pneumonia. If the patient is experiencing depression, the psychotherapist needs help.
Stroke, whose treatment is not limited to stabilizing the pulse, blood pressure and breathing, also requires rehabilitation. Different specialists help the patient to learn how to speak, walk, return to normal life. After discharge from the hospital, rehabilitation continues at home and specialized rehabilitation centers.
Speaking about stroke, symptoms, treatment of this disease, it is important to remind once again that the earlier you find its signs, the more chances that important parts of the patient's brain will not be damaged at all or these lesions will be minimal.