At the age of about 51, the menstrual cycle stops. This period in medical terminology is called menopause and is an indispensable stage in the aging of every woman. Age of onset of menopause can vary from 40 to 55 years. Termination of menstruation women suffer differently: someone completely does not notice any changes in the body, others, on the contrary, feel uncomfortable enough and with difficulty endure the period of menopause.
What are the reasons for such a significant change in the woman's body? Of course, this is due to the amount of estrogen produced by the ovaries, the hormone necessary for the normal course of menstruation and pregnancy. Beginning at age 35, the amount of estrogen in the body decreases every year until the woman completely lost her genital function and the menstruation cycle will not stop. Changes in the level of estrogen affect not only the cessation of menstruation, but also the heart, bones, skin, hair and genitourinary tract.
The first signs of menopause are the irregularity of cycles, as well as dryness in the vagina, problems with the genitourinary system and flushing of the blood.
Any woman in the menopause period begins to experience a certain discomfort, as the cycle becomes irregular, the intensity of the discharge differs.
Most women are troubled by hot flashes at a time when menopause is taking place. Symptoms of this kind are not so terrible, but they often affect sleep. The fact is that the tide is usually called the sensation, in which the waves of heat build up first in the chest, gradually spreading to the neck, face and hands. Each tide is markedly marked by profuse sweating, especially during sleep at night. The duration of the tide is not long, on average 3 minutes, but the frequency of their appearance occurs approximately every hour.
Another symptom of menopause is dryness in the vagina, which is caused by a decreased level of estrogen in the body. Because of its lack, the walls of the vagina begin to secrete less secret, which, in turn, leads to loss of elasticity and severe dryness. During the period of menopause, symptoms of this kind strongly affect sexual life, because because of the dry and inelastic vagina, a woman begins to experience pain and discomfort during sex.
The lowered level of estrogen affects not only dryness on the walls of the vagina, but also leads to problems with urination, which greatly reduces the muscle tone of the genito-urinary tract.
Menopause, the symptoms of which, as we have found out, have different hormonal abnormalities affect not only internal changes in the body, but also greatly affects appetite, mood and sleep, resulting in a woman beginning to feel fatigue, nervousness, and this leads to a decrease in working capacity and depression .
To reduce the level of discomfort during the menopause, a woman, first of all, must adhere to a simple healthy diet. The daily diet should contain a large number of fruits, vegetables, dairy products and cereals. Do not abuse foods with high fat content. Eliminate alcohol and caffeine, spicy seasonings. Active lifestyle (exercise, walking) will reduce the discomfort of blood tides and will be an excellent prevention of osteoporosis, which also becomes a threat after the onset of menopause. With severe discomfort, it is possible to replace the hormone estrogen with any contraceptive containing it, in order to alleviate the symptoms.
In general, during the period when menopause will occur, its symptoms may not worry you much. If you visit a doctor on time and follow his advice, you will soon return to normal and familiar life.