Tachycardia ... In medicine, this term denotes a condition characterized by rapid heartbeat. During an attack, the time intervals between strokes remain unchanged. There are two varieties of this disease: physiological and pathological. By name, it's easy to guess that physiological tachycardia, as a rule, is caused by physical stress and quickly passes. The pathological ailment is provoked by a number of diseases, such as hypertension, ischemic heart disease and thyroid disease. In addition, attacks of rapid heart rate often occur against the background of stress, lack of sleep, alcohol and nicotine abuse.
Timely and correctly rendered first aid for tachycardia can save the patient's life. What are the symptoms of an attack? Palpitation, as a rule, begins suddenly. The man himself feels distinctly how his basic muscle is pounding in the chest. In addition, the attack is accompanied by such manifestations as lack of air, sudden weakness, dizziness, nausea, pulsation in the neck. In rare cases, the patient may lose consciousness.
The medicine for tachycardia helps to relieve the attack and normalize the heart rhythm. However, what if the tablets prescribed by the doctor were not at hand? First of all, measure the pulse. If the stroke rate exceeds 120 per minute, you can do the following: first, try to calm down. Take a few deep breaths and exhalations, and at each inhalation hold your breath for a short time. After a little recovery, call an ambulance. In anticipation of the arrival of a doctor, you can wash (or even briefly lower your head in a basin of iced water).
Timely cooling is the best cure for tachycardia. If the symptoms do not go away, press your fingers firmly on the eyeballs - the heart rate will immediately slow down (in medicine this is called the Danini-Aschner reflex). Please note: if you wear contact lenses, they must be removed.
The most, perhaps, popular and effective cure for tachycardia is Corvalol, known to all. In addition, other sedatives are successfully used in the treatment, for example, valocordin, tincture of valerian, glycine. Take medication should be in the event that a heart attack does not pass within ten to fifteen minutes. All these medicines have a pronounced soothing effect.
As a rule, what to take with tachycardia, appoint a doctor. In some cases, drugs for arrhythmia are prescribed (for example, preparations "Flekainid", "Verapamil", "Adenosyl"). On their own initiative, they should not be used, because the effect of such drugs on the body is quite specific and is accompanied by some side effects.
If no medicine for tachycardia does help, it indicates the need for surgery. Indications for surgery are heart disease, various hormonal disorders, etc.
If you are prone to heart attacks, you should take care of your body. To do this, try not to allow the occurrence of stressful situations, eat properly, more often go out into the open air. Refrain from overeating, include in the diet products with a high content of potassium and magnesium.