The ADS vaccine is a drug that is administered for the prevention of diphtheria and tetanus. This vaccine is used in many countries of the CIS and is combined. Usually, if the child does not have any contraindications, then the DTP vaccine is used , but in the case of previously transferred whooping cough, the ADA vaccine is used. For the prevention of tetanus and diphtheria in children aged 6 years, as well as in adults, an ADS-M vaccine is used. It has a reduced content of the diphtheria component, its analogue is the French Imovax DT Adylt. The vaccine ADS-M is produced by Russian manufacturers and is widely used both in Russia and in the near abroad.
Vaccination ADS is carried out at the age of four to six years. If at this time the vaccination was not done, then after reaching six years, vaccination with ADS-M is carried out . In vaccines ADS and ADS-M there are no components for combating pertussis. There are cases when a child in early childhood has already had pertussis, but he was not vaccinated with DTP, then it is necessary to vaccinate with ADS-toxoid. Two vaccinations are carried out at a frequency of one month and another one every other year.
If the term of the second DTP vaccination has come, and the baby has already had time to be treated with whooping cough, he is vaccinated with ADA, which is repeated every other year. In our country, a child who is more than 4 years old is not vaccinated against whooping cough (according to plan).
Consider in more detail those diseases for the prevention of which the vaccine is used.
It is an infectious disease that causes a general intoxication of the body. There is a fibrinous inflammation of the tonsils, nose, larynx, as well as skin and mucous membranes of the eyes. When this disease occurs, the temperature rises in the patient, reddening of the throat and gray-dirty raids appear.
If a person falls ill with a toxic form of diphtheria, then if he does not provide timely medical assistance, he may die on the second day. The most common complications that occur in this disease are lesions of the nervous system. This can be expressed in the form of paralysis of the soft palate or polyradiculoneuritis of the extremities. In addition, complications from the kidneys, lungs and heart (pyelonephritis, gomerulonephritis, myocarditis, pneumonia) are dangerous.
Diphtheria, the causative agent of which is diphtheria bacillus, is given by airborne droplet, and its causative agent can live in dust for several weeks. You can also get infected by having contact with objects used by a person suffering from diphtheria.
Since 2001, the ADS vaccine has been used in large quantities in Russia, and so today only single rays of this dangerous disease are noted.
This, as well as diphtheria, is an infectious disease in which rapid intoxication of the human nervous system occurs, resulting in muscle cramps.
The development of the disease begins with the fact that the infectious agent enters the wound. The first signs are the appearance of spasms of chewing musculature. Later, the cramps of the remaining muscles of the head, back and whole body come. The occurrence of these convulsions can cause even a slight fluctuation in air or noise, as well as any other factors. Even the application of modern technology and medical knowledge can not guarantee the salvation of a person who has fallen ill with tetanus. The likelihood of a fatal outcome is about 70%, usually death occurs due to paralysis of the respiratory musculature. That is why the ADS vaccine is so urgent, its timely application protects a person from the possibility of getting tetanus.
The causative agent of the disease is the tetanus bacillus, which is found almost everywhere. In the form of a spore, this microorganism can remain for several decades. It is very resistant to high temperatures and for two hours can easily withstand temperatures of up to 90 degrees. Boiling for 50 minutes or exposure to dry steam, the temperature of which is about 115 degrees, for 20 minutes allow you to kill this microbe.
The causative agent of tetanus is absolutely harmless for rabbits, goats, sheep, pigs, horses, cows and dwells in their intestines. It should be noted that an animal or a person who are sick with tetanus is not infectious.
Infection with this disease occurs through wounds or mucous membranes. There are three types of tetanus: traumatic; One that complicates inflammatory processes and cryptogenic tetanus (in this case the path of infection is not established in the body). It is preventive vaccinations that protect the body from tetanus.
Obviously, these two diseases pose a serious threat not only to health, but also to life, so you need to do everything possible to protect yourself and your loved ones from infection! But since it is impossible to foresee everything, prophylactic vaccinations (including ADS and ADM vaccine) will come to the rescue, which will not allow the disease to develop (even if the microbe penetrates the body) or else it will be allowed to transfer it in the lightest form.