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Places in Russia where the blackberry grows

Surprisingly boundless is the vastness of our country. They are rich in wild plants: cedar cones, medicinal herbs, mushrooms. And there were always a lot of berries in the woods: raspberries, strawberries, blueberries, blackberries. Previously, blackberries belonged to wild plants, and people enjoyed delicious berries that grew on the outskirts of villages, sometimes right behind vegetable gardens. Black fruit included in the diet of any family, of which they made blanks for the winter.

Blackberry places

Where does the blackberry grow in Russia? Almost everywhere, throughout the country, especially in the middle band, where the climate is suitable for it.

It can be found on the wet lands of flooded meadows, near rivers and streams, among other shrubs, in ravines and felling areas, where it creates impenetrable thickets. It occurs both on the fringes of the forest and on the glades illuminated by the sun. It can be used as a hedge, through which neither the beast nor man can get through. This is a blackberry sizaya - a wild form.

There are ardent opponents of blackberry garden, who believe that it can not be compared with the forest. And the taste is not the same, and the forest is cleaner, without the "chemicals". They gather it in the last months of summer. The taste and appearance of black, with a waxy coating of berries like raspberries, but they are not so sweet, but slightly sourish. Lovers of berries collecting it in the forest will never tell where the blackberry grows. These are their secret places.

Biological features of the plant

Since the blackberry belongs to the family of rosaceous, it can be compared with raspberries. This is a shrub with erect shoots. The root is perennial and penetrates deep into the soil. With this c is its drought resistance.

The ground part is two years old. In the first year, shoots are laid, and on the second - inflorescences and fruits appear. By winter old branches die, and in spring new ones appear. The Blackberry has shoots of the first and second years, so you will receive a crop annually. Where does the blackberry grow on the site? In the sun and in the penumbra, on fertile soil.

Flowering begins in May and can last long under favorable weather conditions. The first fruits ripen in July, and the last - in October. Berries ripen gradually. So in fresh form it can be consumed until late autumn. The shape of the berries can be round and conical, a variety of colors. We are used to black coloring, but it is purple and even light colors. There are 300 varieties of plants, each of which is interesting for its qualities. Blackberries can be noted as decorative bush with beautiful leaves and fruits. Fructifies in one place up to 15 years. Weak side of the blackberry: varieties are not resistant to frost.

Low popularity of garden forms in Russia

In the US, more than 30 varieties are used in culture. The industrial scale of cultivation allows to collect huge volumes of tasty and useful products. Especially popular is the Tornfree variety - an unsmooth and yielding not only a rich harvest, but also very decorative. We can see where the blackberry grows in America and its unique varieties, on websites or in magazines devoted to fruit and vegetable growing.

In our country, plants are not engaged in industrial cultivation. Farmers are not interested in this either. Only private traders try to grow on their household plots. The reason is that there is no information about garden seedlings that do not have thorns. And the berries are larger, and the yield is higher. At us the stereotype of a prickly bush strewn with small berries, moreover and being in remote places works. While you get there, you'll tear your clothes and cut your hands. Assorted blackberries, photos, where it grows, its modern varieties can be found in the relevant literature.

Varieties for the Leningrad Region

Blackberries in the Leningrad region, where not all the berry crops grow, feels very good.

The climate forms the proximity of the sea. It is moist, soft. Winters are warm, summers are moderately warm or cool. Therefore, the variety should be selected appropriate:

Arapaho is a strong, ungifted variety. Berries are black, conical, dessert taste. Winter hardiness - up to -24 degrees. The variety is not sick and is not affected by pests. Gives a large number of root offspring.

Brzezina is an early variety, a novelty of Polish breeding. Shoots erect, powerful, besshipnye. The berry is large, elongated, of good taste. Suitable for long-term storage and transport. An important positive feature is high frost resistance.

Marion, or marionberry - a raspberry-blackberry hybrid. The berries are firm, large, shiny, juicy. They have a pronounced fruity aroma. The harvest from one bush is 10 times higher than the harvest from a raspberry bush. The hybrid is well cultivated. But the shelter of shoots for the winter is mandatory.

The variety can be selected based on your tastes, location of the site, winter hardiness of the plant.

Varieties for the Samara Region

Where does the blackberry grow in the Samara region? Wild - clear, in the woods. But let's talk about cultural forms in more detail. The climate here is quite warm, the temperature drops are small. On this and will be guided when choosing a variety.

Karaka black is a novelty of a large-berry blackberry garden. The variety came to us from New Zealand. The bush is tall, but compact. Berries - up to 10 g, delicious and fragrant. They are well stored and transported. It grows in the sun and in the penumbra, frost-resistant. But the soil is demanding.

Apache - another novelty, derived in the state of Arkansas. From the stand-up horseless varieties gives the highest yield. The berry is large and sweet, conical in shape. He loves the sun and is picky about the soil. The variety is winter hardy.

The Himalayas are a half-shrub with sagging shoots. Fruits are like raspberry fruits - red and black. Variety early, large-fruited. It blooms in late spring and blooms for a long time. Demanding to the soil and the sun. Does not tolerate excess moisture. Winter resistant.

Breeders offer a large selection of varieties for this climatic zone, there would be a desire and opportunities. Wherever the blackberry grows in Samara, there is a plant nursery "Ilinka", in which seedlings of fruit and berry plants are represented.

Varieties for the Novosibirsk Region

The Novosibirsk region belongs to Western Siberia, the climate here is continental: cold winters, hot summers, sharp temperature changes.

For this zone of the blackberry variety it is necessary to select especially carefully and shelter for the winter. In addition, a longer vegetative period with a large sum of active temperatures is needed. Where does the blackberry grow in Novosibirsk? Wild - everywhere, cultural - in the garden areas. You can offer some varieties:

Thornfree is a variety with large, dense, black berries. Matures late, the harvest is average. The shoots are stilted and have a long length. Vesvistye, without thorns. The variety is practically not sick. You can propagate with green cuttings. Good winter hardiness.

Agavam is one of the well-known winter hardy varieties. Fruit ripening earlier. Berries of small mass, black. Productivity is average. Shoots arc-shaped, strongly spiny, with spines powerful. Shoots branch well. Propagated by offspring.

Thornless Logan is a variety with large and shiny berries. They mature late, the period of ripening is uneven. The bush is large, but shoots without thorns. Yield and winter hardiness average. Multiplication can be by rooting the tops.

Popular now raspberry-blackberry hybrids in the Novosibirsk region do not tolerate winter and yield is low, so they should not get carried away.

The most important part of care is shelter for the winter

In autumn it is necessary to remove the old, breeding shoots. The stems of the first year are tied in bundles and tilted to the ground, covering for the winter.

Shelter is necessary even for frost-resistant varieties, because if the winter temperatures are low, they will freeze. As a shelter, you can use any material: sawdust, leaves, foliage, humus. Good and spruce branches that scare off rodents, damaging shoots.

Blackberry berries - a pantry of useful properties

Wherever a blackberry grows, you will never be left without vitamins. All parts of the plant have medicinal properties. Fruits and juice reduce thirst in the heat and lower the temperature during illness. Ripe berries are a mild laxative, but immature ones help with diarrhea. In the form of tea - berries are a good soothing and restorative. In juice, many valuable acids, minerals and vitamins. The leaves are a good antiseptic, in addition, they improve the intestinal peristalsis. They are part of various tea blends.

All the useful properties of this rare for us culture is difficult to enumerate. But when you find out about them, you will probably want to plant several varieties on your site, so that in summer there is a delicious berry, and in the winter you can enjoy tea with blackberry jelly or jam.

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