LED-lamp for plants: types, features. How to make phytolamp with your own hands

Every summer resident knows how important lighting plays in the development of seedlings or growing indoor flowers. For many cultures, the lack of sunlight is disastrous. But where to get the warmth of the sun warming on cold spring days, when the snow is still outside the window and a strong wind is raging?

Additional illumination at such times is provided by the LED-lamp for plants. It is this source of light that is the savior for those crops that are planted in the spring in greenhouses and in winter on the windowsills in the apartments. But the right choice of phytolamp is a very important point, which should be given maximum attention. There are several types of lighting for seedlings. Among them there are those that are generally not recommended. There are also those who are real savior gardeners.

Right Light

It is very important when buying a lighting source to choose one that contains the required spectrum of radiation. Many lighting devices do not give the energy of sunlight, but only a spectrum visible to humans.

Everyone knows that any tree or flower needs ultraviolet light. But for the skin and eyes of a person, such illumination is harmful. Manufacturers try to create such LED-lamps for plants, which would be most useful for seedlings, but are completely safe for humans.

Also useful is warm (yellow or orange) light. It helps cultures not only to develop in the right way, but also promotes rapid flowering. If you notice that the flowers are formed unevenly, then this is the light spectrum is not enough for your seedlings.

But a large amount of heat, on the contrary, harms plants. No heating and scorching lamps should be used during this period. If you use light sources that give heat, then do not forget about cooling. Turn off the lamps for a while so that the plants rest. You can also use special fans. But the cultivation of seedlings in this way will already cost "a pretty penny."

By the way, experts believe that cultures do not need round-the-clock coverage. It will be enough to include a light source above the seedlings for seven to eight hours a day.

Which lamp to choose?

Many beginners seem to think that an ordinary incandescent lamp suspended above a tub with seedlings will be enough. This is a completely wrong approach. It turns out that incandescent lamps do not give the full spectrum of radiation necessary for the normal development of plants. There are, of course, full-spectrum lamps, but they are quite expensive, and investing in them is completely unprofitable.

Fluorescent or energy-saving light bulbs also are not like. Their spectrum for humans is unaccustomed and even harmful. Yes, and the magnitude of the light flux will not allow the cultures to develop harmoniously.

LED Light

In a separate category, gardeners allocate special LED lamps (LED). Lights for plants gardeners are called assistants and they trust their spring seedlings.

To organize the illumination of indoor plants or spring seedlings, the LED lamp is considered the most optimal solution. And it is used not only for growing small "portions" of seedlings on the home window sill, but also for its production in large industrial greenhouses and nurseries.

If, say, fluorescent light bulbs give a lot of heat, but a small amount of necessary light, then the LED lamp for plants is the correct full spectrum of radiation, and good light output, and natural light for cultures. For a person, it is true, such coverage will be more than unusual. It is violet-pink, unpleasant for the eyes. But for the seedling can easily replace the sun. And to look at seedlings, to admire its development and growth it is possible at those moments when the lighting device is switched off.

Advantages of LED lamps for plants

  • Low energy costs (compared to other types of lighting equipment used for growing garden and vegetable crops).
  • LED-lamp for plants 50W will provide them only with the necessary "useful" rays. Even a 10W device will be much more efficient than any other lamp.
  • Such lighting devices have a long service life.
  • Completely there is no heating of objects surrounding the lamp and the plants themselves. They can be placed near both the PVC windows and the wooden furniture.
  • Depending on the period of life of the vegetable culture, you can adjust the device, adjusting the intensity of the lighting and spectrum.
  • No flicker. Your eyes will be comfortable if you are near the "seedling" window sill.
  • Environmentally friendly, safe, impossible to explode.
  • Used for backlighting, the LED lamp for plants makes it possible to water them much less often, since the soil does not heat up, and therefore does not dry out.

By all indications, LED lamps are the most useful. Let them stand by an order of magnitude more expensive than some other lighting sources, but pay off very quickly. Many gardeners say that one device serves them for about ten years or more. Profitable, is not it?

Phytolamp with own hands

Any gardener-gardener will be able to build a phyto-lamp in a hurry. It does not take much time and does not require large financial investments. Everything you need can be found in any construction shop.

To make a LED lamp for plants with your own hands, you will need a regular profile, several types of LEDs (red, white, blue light), nails (usually used for linoleum), electric current stabilizer, wires, glue. A soldering iron is also very useful and, in fact, the ability to use it.

  • Buy everything you need in the store (be sure to take into account when selecting stabilizer indicators).
  • Check the operation of the LEDs with a tester.
  • Mark the places where the LEDs will be located (the step can start from seventy millimeters).
  • Fix the LEDs to the intended location with the glue (observe the polarity).
  • Connect them together with a wire.
  • At 40 watts, put out the soldering iron and solder.
  • Fix the nuts in the profile, then install the stabilizer.
  • Attach a regular plug to it.


It does not matter what you choose: buy in the store or make your own hands LED-lamp for plants. Reviews for LED lighting for crops are always positive, no matter what production it is. According to gardeners, such lighting sources are excellent helpers for those who want to get strong seedlings.

When using this backlight, seedlings will never stretch, but will develop evenly. Also in many reviews it is noted that such additional light sources have been used for many years. This is a very economical and profitable investment of own funds. Someone appreciates saving, others - convenience of work and long service life. But all the reviews converge in one - this is a necessary and useful thing, which should be in the arsenal of any summer resident.

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