Honey is a product that appears as a result of partial processing of nectar by bees. In nature, it serves as an insect for food - collected in the summer feeds the hive throughout the winter.
Honey differ from each other in color, aroma and viscosity. Since bees collect nectar from different plants, the result is different types of product. On sale you can find honey dimorphant, buckwheat, acacia, dandelion, maple and others. Most often, mixed varieties are obtained, as insects collect nectar from flowers of different species. The name is given by the plant, the nectar from which there is the most.
How to make honey
Before turning into a product familiar to everyone, nectar or pad pass several stages. After collecting nectar, insects stack it in honeycombs, gradually adding more and more until the cell is completely filled. While this process is underway, the striped workers constantly add to the honey the secret of their glands.
Under the influence of enzymes, nectar is processed, excess water evaporates, sucrose breaks down into fructose and glucose. During this time the bees several times carry the product from cell to cell. When the water in the honey is less than 21%, the insects seal the honeycomb with a wax cork. It is already ready, ripe and suitable for food product.
Since honey bees are made not only from nectar, there are two kinds of natural product: floral, which is prepared from nectar, and paste - from sweet secretions of aphids or other insects and honey dew. Both are good and useful, although the insect itself does not fit - it is poisonous for them.
Medicinal properties of honey
The composition and properties depend very much on the "origin" - from which plant is collected, whether they were harvested and stored correctly. Honey bees of many species have antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, wound-healing properties. Some varieties are effective against fungi, others are able to regulate pressure and digestion.
For gynecology, the most useful - lime, melissa and from forest flowers. Strong bactericidal effect in prehistoric, lime and chestnut honey.
Against streptococci, staphylococci and other gram-positive bacteria, according to S. Mladenov and other authors, is good lime, lupus, lucerne, clover and acacia.
But among all species, honey is dimorphant. The bees prepare it from the nectar of calopanax of the seven-lobed - rare, relict tree, which grows only in some parts of Japan, China, the Korean peninsula, Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands. It is one of the rarest and most valuable species, it has strong antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and other properties.
Calopanax semilobate, or dimorphant
This relict tree, which is also called a white nut, or spike-tree. It has large, wide five- and seven-lobed leaves, the bark of light gray and spiked (in youth) gradually turns into a dark and furrowed (in "adult" age).
The tree lives up to 200 years, and it is quite fastidious and demanding - does not always agree to grow even in places where these plants are common. It is listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation. Blossoms only once in several years.
The calopanax tree itself is a valuable drug. In folk medicine, its lub, roots, inflorescences and leaves are valued. The spectrum of action is very wide - it helps well against fungi, fights against cancer, diabetes, soothes, tones up, protects the liver.
It has antiallergic, antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory properties. Wood "white walnut" used to be used as raw material for furniture and for interior decoration.
A large set of medicinal properties has honey and bees from it. Once in four years the tree blossoms white-yellow flowers, collected in large inflorescences. Bees willingly collect nectar from them - as a result, a multifunctional medicine prepared by nature itself is obtained.
The product of calopanax nectar is a strong anti-allergic, tonic, stimulant. Thanks to its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties, you can use this honey for cough and sore throat. It acts on the entire digestive tract, while it is able to stimulate the hormonal and mental work of the organism, without affecting the pressure.
Effective against edema and stagnant phenomena in tissues, improves microcirculation and helps with cardiovascular diseases.
Dimorphant honey is an excellent tool in the treatment of acute and chronic hepatitis, it helps with alcohol poisoning, it has an antitoxic effect. Thanks to a rich set of biologically active substances in its composition, this product excellently acts as an antimalarial, antifungal, calming and hepatoprotective agent.
The product of nectar "white nut" is good for the treatment of scabies, ringworm, ulcers, boils, for the healing of wounds and ulcers. Healthy people should also try this honey - its use in food increases the resistance to diseases, improves overall health, increases potency and efficiency.
All this together makes it a universal medicine. In apitherapy, it is highly valued, despite the fact that all kinds of honey, in fact, are medicines.
The cost of a deficit
According to the reviews of those who tried it, it can not be confused with anything else - it has a very peculiar and original taste. It may be long, several years, remain liquid. Crystallizes very slowly, turning into a fine-grained mass. Honey dimorphant transparent, thick, with its own unique aroma.
Russian online stores offer a collection of 2014 at a price of 550 rubles per liter. For comparison, floral (from different plant species, collection of 2013, from the same seller) - 275 rubles, taiga (2014) - 247 rubles, and from linden - 176 rubles.
Prices vary by several times - in another network store the cost of 1 kilogram already exceeds 1000 rubles. Experienced lovers of honey are advised to buy it when there is a possibility, since the tree blossoms only once in several years, and all the stock from the seller can quickly end.
How to distinguish this product from forgery
The only reliable way how to distinguish calopanax honey from others is to ask a specialist. The price does not mean anything - some kind of guarantee can only give the seller a reputation, serious shops will not want to risk customers.
However, private traders are quite another matter. There are many ways to forge a product - change the color, density and consistency, add a new flavor to it, or strengthen an existing one.
To find out whether there are impurities, you can apply simple chemical tests, although only laboratory analysis will provide complete confidence. Under the brand name kholopanaksovogo can also sell lime or some other, cheaper variety. You can deceive this way only a person who has not tried honey from dimorphant before, but the main conclusion is the same - you should trust only serious, reputable stores and beekeepers.