Home and familyChildren

A hyperactive child: what should parents do? Psychologist's advice and recommendations to parents of hyperactive children

Often the most common cause of a child's hyperactivity is lack of attention. With his excessive mobility and employment, he tries to attract parents, peers, teachers to himself. Sometimes such a reason can be a feature of the character of a person. However, many other factors have the greatest impact: in the risk group children who were born through cesarean section, artificers, etc. Therefore, it is important to understand the root cause.

Judging by the statistical data, hyperactivity occurs in almost every twentieth child, by the way, it should be noted that boys are two to three times more likely. So, in the classroom you can meet at least one kid with excessive activity. Tips for parents of a hyperactive child are distributed to everyone who is not too lazy, but in fact, you only need to listen to specialists.

Scientists have proven that hyperactivity is a diagnosis

For a long time this diagnosis was considered only a feature of the child's behavior, but more recently it was proved that this is a psychic deviation that can not be corrected by simple pedagogical methods. And if the family has a hyperactive child, what should parents do ? Psychologist's advice will help in this sort out.

Interestingly, in 1970, studies were conducted that showed that the underlying cause of the disease is physiological and genetic causes, and the syndrome itself refers not only to pedagogy and psychology, but also to medicine.

The main causes

  • Lack of necessary hormones in the child's body.
  • Postponed diseases and injuries.
  • Diseases of the mother during pregnancy.
  • Any illness that the baby has suffered as an infant. They could affect the brain.

And regardless of the fact that medicine has achieved great success in this issue, and there are pharmacological methods of treatment and psychological and pedagogical, nevertheless children's hyperactivity is considered an incurable syndrome that can be adjusted in adolescence. Proceeding from this, we will try to draw conclusions and give recommendations: hyperactive children, what should parents do?

Psychologist's advice will help to adapt the child to the society and in the future become a fully developed personality.

Illness in adulthood

In fact, many adults suffer from this disease, but most often they are considered too impulsive, active, and eccentric. This syndrome occurs in childhood, it is not yet fully explored, so it is not proven that it remains at a more mature age.

How to recognize a hyperactive child

With the first signs, parents can face right away: the children are sleeping badly, crying a lot, are very irritable during the day, they can react to any noise and change in the situation.

A hyperactive child a year already begins to show itself, for example, in speech delay, awkward movements due to impaired motor skills. Nevertheless, he is constantly active, trying to go, move, he is fussy and mobile. His mood is also constantly changing: at one point the child is cheerful and joyful, and the next minute he can dramatically clamor. So, before you is a hyperactive child (1 year). What should parents do? Such children will have to pay much more attention, and to achieve results, efforts must be made.

Critical age

When it comes to preparatory classes, it is also difficult for the child to concentrate on one task: he can not sit still, complete at least one thing, or do the exercise carefully and with concentration. The kid does everything after the sleeves to finish the job and start something new.

Reasonable advice to parents of a hyperactive child can only be given by a specialist, as well as recognizing hyperactivity. But before turning to a professional, the mother and father should watch their child, determine how excessive activity and impulsiveness prevent him from learning and building relationships with his peers. What situations are alarming?

Main symptoms

  1. Inattention. The child is always difficult to concentrate on the task or the game. Parents constantly have to be reminded of everyday affairs, because a child simply forgets about them, and still constantly breaks or loses their things. In addition, attention has been disturbed: the kid never listens to anyone, even when it is addressed directly to him. If he independently does the task, he often can not properly organize his work, constantly distracting and not bringing the task to the end.
  2. Impulsiveness. At lessons the child, not having waited the turn, cries out from a place. It is difficult for him to follow the established rules, he constantly interferes in the conversation, etc.
  3. Hyperactivity. The child is difficult to sit still, he constantly fidgets in the chair, talks a lot, constantly runs even where you can not do this. The kid can not calmly play or rest, he always asks a lot of questions, but can not remember even one answer. Many actions and actions of the child are completely rash, he often breaks objects, or beats utensils. Even during sleep, he is not calm - he constantly wakes up, turns, sometimes screams in his sleep.

Hyperactive and active: differences

Often when parents talk about their child, that he is hyperactive, they put a positive meaning in this word. But most people simply confuse two different concepts - active and hyperactive. It is really good when the child is inquisitive, shows an interest in the world around him, is drawn to new knowledge. But hyperactivity and attention deficit disorder, which are often interrelated, are related to neurological-behavioral disorders. They most painfully make themselves felt after five years, which, undoubtedly, negatively affects the child, preventing him from developing on a par with other children.

Active children can be mobile at home, on a sports ground with friends, in a kindergarten, but if they come to any new place for them, for example, to visit or see a doctor, they calm down immediately and begin to behave like real quiet people. With hyperactive children, everything is different, regardless of the circumstances, places and people that surround them: they always behave identically and simply can not sit still.

An active child can be carried away with ordinary game, for example, checkers or puzzle collection, while the hyperactive does not have enough perseverance.

In any case, everything is very individual, so only on the basis of observations can advice be given to parents. Hyperactive children are more difficult to scare, their pain threshold is too low, they are not afraid of anything, absolutely not thinking about their safety.

From all that has been said above, it follows that if a toddler likes moving games, he likes to learn something new, and this curiosity does not interfere with his learning and social relationships, then one should not call it hyperactive. The child just develops normally for his age. If the kid can not sit still, listen to the story to the end, or finish the task, constantly requires attention to himself or rolls up hysterics, then this is a hyperactive child. What should parents do? Psychologist's advice can help in this difficult matter.

Education at school

If before the beginning of the school at school parents are not particularly concerned about this character trait, then with the beginning of the training, seeing the many problems that their child encounters, they begin to worry greatly. These children are difficult to understand how you can behave, and how not. The child does not know where the permissible side is, it is difficult for them to establish relationships with other children and the teacher, and simply calmly learn the lesson. Therefore, in the adaptation period, recommendations to parents of hyperactive children are needed, since this age is the most critical. You can take the child to a psychologist. If you have a hyperactive child, the recommendations of specialists should be observed literally in everything.

It is important to remember that hyperactivity and attention deficit often go hand in hand with other serious problems.

Tips for Parents of a Hyperactive Child

A hyperactive child: what should parents do? The advice of a psychologist who needs to be followed is described below.

It is important to carefully approach safety techniques, remove all unsafe and sharp objects leaving the room, disconnect household appliances, as ordinary children often break something, or fall and strike, and with hyperactive it happens twice or three times more often.

If something important is to be learned by a hyperactive child, the advice of a psychologist to parents will be helpful. You need to make sure that he listens. It's not enough just to call him - you need to establish contact, remove the toys from the field of view, turn off the TV or computer. And only after making sure that the child really listens to you, you can start a conversation with him.

It is necessary to establish in the family the rules that the child would steadily follow. And it is very important that they are always carried out every day without exception, regardless of the circumstances. It is important to remind them constantly of the child, to repeat that one should always perform some tasks, and something is strictly prohibited.

A very important nuance is the regime. A kid needs to be taught to do everything in time, exceptions can not be made even on a day off. For example, always get up at one time, have breakfast, do homework, go for a walk. Perhaps this is too strict, but most effective. It is this rule that will help the child later adapt to the school and learn new material.

These children are very receptive to the mood, so it is very important that the emotions they receive are positive. It is necessary to praise them even for the slightest achievements. Let them feel that his parents are proud of him. It is necessary to support the child in hard times for him, more often speaks of love for him, hugging.

You can organize a system of incentives, for example, if he behaved well all week long, then on weekends he gets a small present or a trip to nature, a movie trip, a museum. Let the parents come up with joint games that will entice the baby. Of course, time, patience and ingenuity will take a lot, but the result will not keep you waiting.

It is important in general to monitor the atmosphere in the family, so that all conflicts pass by the baby, and especially it is impossible for him to participate in them.

If the child behaved badly, then it is possible to punish, but not very much, but from assaulting it is better to refuse.

At the hyperactive child energy never exhausts, therefore it is constantly necessary to create to it conditions that it somewhere it deval. The kid should walk more in the air, go to the sports section, play. But here also there is an important nuance: the child should be tired, but not too overworked.

Prohibiting something to a child, it is extremely important to give him an alternative, while calmly explaining why his actions are wrong.

You can not lead your child to places where large concentrations of people predominate: his psyche is too sensitive and weak, and the crowd can lead to an overexcitement of the nervous system, so you should avoid mass events, supermarkets during the hours of excitement. But walks in the fresh air, raids on nature have a beneficial effect on the baby. To play such a child is better with only one friend.

It will not be bad if the parents get a diary of observations in which they will be able to note all the changes and reactions to the world around them, occurring with a hyperactive child. After this diary you can show the teacher (it will be much easier to make a general picture of it).

A hyperactive child: what should parents do? The advice of the psychologist listed above will help solve many problems.

Work at school

Initially, the teacher should be aware of the presence of a hyperactive child in his classroom in order to continue to properly build work with him, so parents should warn the teacher in advance, and also share all the available information.

First of all, the child should sit as close as possible to the teacher - so the latter will be much easier to control the discipline. It is also important that the baby has the opportunity at any time to ask all the necessary questions.

All tasks the teacher should write on the board and for a certain period of time give only one task. If the task is too large, then it needs to be divided into several parts, to limit the implementation of time and constantly monitor their execution.

It is difficult for a hyperactive child to stay in one place for a long time and still remember the material presented. Therefore, it is necessary to train him consistently, to involve him in the lesson, even if the kid turns, screams, fidgets in the chair. Next time the kid will focus only on acting calmly.

He just needs to move, so it's better not to follow his behavior at lessons, let him run on the school grounds or the gym.

Also, children often fall into a vicious circle: praise for them is simply necessary, but it is worthwhile to study hard for incredible efforts. Due to the fact that they are inattentive and can not concentrate normally, they make many mistakes and their work is inaccurate. Therefore, initially it is necessary to treat them less strictly.

During the lesson, activity may change several times, and if it is beneficial for ordinary children, then the overactive switch is much more difficult. Therefore, they must be warned in advance, and given the opportunity to prepare.

With such children, the teacher is very difficult to work with, but if you find the right approach, the result will be excellent. Hyperactive children are well developed intellectually, as evidenced by many tests, but they find it difficult to cope with their temperament.

Similar articles





Trending Now






Copyright © 2018 en.unansea.com. Theme powered by WordPress.