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Growing flowers in a greenhouse as a business. Business plan for growing flowers

What is the most profitable to grow for sale? Maybe strawberries, tomatoes? Or flowers? Of course, with the right approach, any decorative plant or vegetable culture will bring a considerable income. But what will be more economically expedient? In this case, it all depends on your preferences. But many are attracted to the growing of flowers in the greenhouse. As a business - this is a good option. After all, a year can get up to three million rubles, while investing only 100 thousand.

With what it is necessary to begin

Since business in this area is connected to the land, the first thing to do is to choose a suitable site. It can be a house in the village, a garden or a garden. The main thing is that this piece of land can be bought out or rented. You may also need documentary evidence that you are considered owner of the private household plots. This is deciphered as a personal household plot. Documents can be obtained from the local self-government: village administration, garden association and so on.

Of course, this kind of activity differs significantly from the others and does not have a legal status, like IP. However, LPH has many other advantages.

Thermos greenhouse: ideal

Growing flowers in a greenhouse as a business has some merits. First of all, this kind of activity practically does not require paper red tape. And most importantly, the main costs are only in the construction of the relevant premises and in the purchase of seeds.

Of course, for the year-round growing of flowers will require a winter greenhouse, which will be equipped with a special heating system. In many, the erection of such a construction causes many difficulties. Therefore, experts recommend installing on their site greenhouses, thermoses. Such facilities allow saving about 70% of consumed electricity. After all, the greenhouse thermos maximizes the heat of the sun's rays.

Laying the foundation

The greenhouse for flowers should be strong and reliable. Therefore in any case it is necessary to lay the foundation. If the greenhouse is put on bare ground, then the beds along the walls will freeze. When erecting a greenhouse, it is better to make a foundation tape, not too deep and reinforced. Approximately at a depth of 0.7 meters it is necessary to pour a gravel-sand pillow, and then bring it to a height of about 0.5 meters. After that, you can pour the foundation. In this case, the height of the socle should be more than 0.3 meters.

Frame and coating for the greenhouse

It is best to make a greenhouse made of the metal profile of light alloys. After a frame of wood or metal will be heavy. In addition, the dimming area will increase significantly.

But the coating for the construction is better to choose polycarbonate. After all, the winter greenhouse should have a saddle roof and withstand sufficiently large loads. Only polycarbonate can cope with such tasks. Growing roses in a greenhouse of such a plan will only bring pleasure. After all, plants will not freeze and die. The main secret is that the design needs to be covered with several layers of polycarbonate. As a result, we get several thermo packages. Between these sections there will be a constant air exchange. Of course, for this in the frame of a thermos hothouse it is worthwhile to make several holes. At the same time, we must ensure that the workload does not decrease.

Solar collectors are mandatory

Conventional solar collectors make small sizes. Their area is only 0.5 square meters. Meter. Such a device recycles solar energy and converts it into heat, which comes through ventilation into the room. How to equip a greenhouse thermos with such a product? Everything is simple enough. The entire northern part of the building is a single solid solar collector. It can be equal to 50 square meters. As a result, the device gives as much heat as necessary for normal plant growth. In some cases, it is necessary to ventilate the room.

To, for example, tulips in the greenhouse grew well, you need to follow certain rules for equipping the premises with solar collectors. In addition, special attention is required by the system itself, which provides warm air. A similar construction is made of plastic pipes, in which several holes are previously made. The system coils around all the beds with plants by the coil. At the same time they are laid above the ground, and not under it. Each end of the pipe should be equipped with a fan: one draws the air cold, and the second feeds into the system hot. That's all. Watering in the greenhouse is also worth making automatic. This will greatly facilitate the work. Winter greenhouse is ready. It remains to plant the plants.

Choose the soil

At this stage, you can save some money. Growing flower seedlings requires not only skill, but also preparation. First of all, you need to determine what kind of soil is best for the chosen colors. Agree, the composition of the ground depends on how much the enterprise will be successful. Therefore, before beginning florists, the question arises of where to get the right amount of soil for the greenhouse and how to determine its composition. So, let's take the most common flowers - roses. To plant them, you need to remove the ground from the greenhouse to a depth of 0.5 meters, and then fill the vacant space with a suitable composition.

In this case, to buy a special primer in packages does not make sense. In this case, you just go broke. It's not the best option to get cars from somewhere unknown. After all, the composition of the soil is completely unknown to you. What to do? The answer is simple and lies under your feet. There are many orphan meadows, fields and plots of land on the edge of the forest. For a greenhouse, you should use only soddy soil, previously prepared.

How to prepare the soil

Growing flowers in a greenhouse as a business requires a special approach not only to the choice of planting material, but also in the preparation of soil. For this, in the early spring, at the time when the earth is about 15 centimeters long, it is necessary to cut it off. Of course, not completely. Will be enough 8 centimeters. The resulting soil should be transported to the place where it will ripen. In other words, closer to the greenhouse. Only after this, the removed turf must be formed into the collars. Their width should be not less than one meter, and height - from 0,7 to 0,8 meters. A ready-made coat should be covered with a material, preferably opaque.

When the days become warmer, the folded soil should be watered and covered with a transparent film. Only in this case in the ground, folded into the collars, biological irreversible processes - combustion - begin. In deep layers, the temperature of the soil will reach about 70 ° C above zero.

As a result, all seeds of weed plants, harmful viruses, as well as larvae of all kinds of insects, will simply perish. Such soil in its composition will be as close to light and highly enriched with various fertilizers of sandy loam. This is what is necessary for the successful cultivation of any culture.

Planting material must be of high quality

So, you decided to plant flowers. Cultivation for the sale of plants requires a careful selection of planting material. Otherwise, you will work at a loss. When the soil is prepared, and the greenhouse is equipped with various heating and watering systems, it remains to purchase seeds and start earning. Of course, there is no definite color, which is the best. Each species, such as roses, is unique and has its own merits. In addition, demand for the flower market is constantly changing. Where can I get the planting material?

It is best to purchase seeds or seedlings in agropies that specialize specifically in the cultivation of varietal plants. In this case, you do not have to worry about the quality of planting material. After all, such enterprises sell both seeds and seedlings in large quantities. This indicates that the plants are grown in accordance with all requirements. In addition, selective varieties of flowers are selected in such places. Planting material must be of high quality. Especially if you are growing flowers with seeds.

Business model

Build your business is better for a certain model. So, there should be a greenhouse-thermos in the area of 100 square meters, and also there is a certain sort of plants. In general, this is one production unit, which should be based at the very beginning. Growing flowers in a greenhouse as a business does not tolerate haste. Therefore, to begin with, it is worth mastering just one model. Do not expand if you have not learned how to grow the selected variety of flowers. Otherwise, you can lose money. In this case, you need to learn not only the technique of growing flowers of a certain type, but also the ways of their implementation.

Of course, do not get hung up on exactly one model. When you have some experience, you can start the extension. How to do it?

Wholesale supply

Alas, in our country there is no flower exchange. Therefore, clients will have to search for their own. And this is not so simple. Let's say you know how to grow flowers in a greenhouse, but this is not enough to make a profit. You need to know how to sell the finished products. On what is better to navigate?

First of all, it is worth paying attention to large flower shops, markets, shops, as well as pavilions. However, it is worth remembering that such outlets already have a certain system of wholesale supplies. You have to somehow wedge into it. The surest way to sell a product is to reduce its cost.

Its flower pavilion

So, how to sell flowers? Cultivation for the sale of plants can become a loss-making enterprise, if not find a way to market products. Opening your own pavilion will significantly increase your income: about twice. However, here there are some nuances. Realizing only one grade of flowers, do not expect a high income. This requires a large assortment of goods. There are several ways to solve this problem. The first is to build another greenhouse and grow a variety of plants in it. And the second - buying the missing lots in bulk from other suppliers. The result depends on your entrepreneurial abilities and on a particular case.

Sale of planting material

The realization of seedlings and seeds can become an additional income item. It should be noted that plant breeding does not require the presence of another greenhouse. This can be done in a warm period of time just in the open ground. In addition, cut plants are perishable goods. While the planting material can last up to 12 months. To do this you will only need a special packaging in the form of containers.

Floristics and related products

If earlier buyers arranged a simple bouquet of flowers, then today they need its appropriate design. To increase sales in your flower pavilion, you should invite a professional florist who can create very beautiful compositions from flowers. It is worth noting that this method allows you to increase profits by almost 20%.

Also in your flower pavilion you can sell pots for plants, soil in bags, chemicals and all kinds of fertilizer.

Initial investment

In this article of expenses, everything is very clear. The main costs are planting material, as well as the erection of a greenhouse. How much should I spend on the first stage? So, let's count. According to the latest data, a square meter of a greenhouse covered with polycarbonate and with a fully automated irrigation system will cost about 2,290 rubles. To this sum it is necessary to add the cost of the foundation, heating, and also the installation of the entire structure. The result is a coefficient of 2. If you multiply it by the cost per square meter of the greenhouse, you get 4580 rubles. How much does the design cost entirely? The greenhouse area of 100 square meters will cost 458 thousand rubles.

If you decide to grow roses, it is better to buy the planting material in bulk. In retail, one bush costs about 300 rubles. At wholesale purchase one rose will cost on third less. On a square meter of a greenhouse it is possible to plant 4 bushes. In the end, you need 400 roses. However, it is worth remembering that not all roses can take root. As a result, it will be necessary to purchase about 100 plants. That is, for saplings of roses it is necessary to give about 125 thousand rubles.

Additional expenses

As you can see, the initial investment is quite a decent amount. But that's not all. To the sum of general investments equal to 583 thousand rubles, it is necessary to add also the basic expenses for the maintenance of a greenhouse and care of plants: chemicals, heating and watering. For all this it will be necessary to give 47.25 thousand rubles.

As for chemicals, they will be required in any case. After all, every plant is susceptible to attacks of all kinds of pests. In a year for such funds takes about 36 thousand rubles. Will all expenses be covered by income? In a year for additional costs will go 83 250 rubles.

What income?

The business plan for growing flowers is quite simple. But many doubt whether this kind of activity is profitable? With the usual technology of growing from one seedling of roses per year, you can get about 250 flowers. What in the end? From one square meter of a greenhouse for a year it is possible to collect 1000 copies. And from 100 square meters - 100 thousand roses. Even if you sell the product at the lowest price, which is 40 rubles per piece, you can get 4 million rubles for a year.

If you subtract all expenses from the profit, the net income will be a fairly decent amount. So, from 4 million it is necessary to take 83 000 rubles. The result is 3.9 million rubles.

Is it profitable to grow flowers for sale?

According to the latest data, the profitability of this type of activity is 70%. You can start the project within a month, but it will pay off for 8. The first profit will appear only after six months. It should be remembered that the business model, including the care and cultivation of flowers, is flexible enough. It has no definite boundaries. The owner of such a business can change the model and supplement it at its own discretion. With the right approach, profits will only grow.

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