### Self improvement, Psychology

# Signs of Reinin as a new word in science

Half a century ago, socionics was not known as a science. But in our days the camp of admirers of this new science, which has already earned itself a worthy place, is very extensive and every year it grows even larger. Until now, it is quite easy to trace the chronology of the development of socionics that originated in the 1970s. The founder was the Lithuanian economist and psychologist Ausra Augustinavichiute. Although today many people have a stable association: socionics are the signs of Reinin, we will not forget about the origins.

## The Birth of Socionics

Already in the early 1970s, Augustinavichyute first became acquainted with the typology of the Swiss psychiatrist Jung Karl Gustav, the theory of information metabolism of a psychiatrist from Poland Anton Kempinski and the theory of psychoanalysis Freud. Ausra Augustinavichute discovered that in addition to the already well-known structure (structure) of the psyche, there is also the construction of relationships, which, in turn, is revealed by the psychological types of people, regardless of their intentions and desires.

We define socionics as a science about the types of people and the relationships between them. She studies psychological compatibility, information interaction between each other, as well as between a person and his environment.

## Socionics in ordinary life

Features of human communication, his abilities, professional inclinations, as well as the powerful and weakest aspects of personality are defined as a psychological type. At the moment, socionics is quite common in the practices of recruitment agencies, career counseling centers, socionic consulting and coaching, and even in the practice of marriage agencies.

The imposition of classical psychological approaches on typology in questions of psychological problems, professional and personal development and growth is a new round of psychotherapy. With an emphasis on typological features, we get some starting points, or reference points for a possible purposeful step-by-step analysis, called "markers" that quickly and efficiently lead to a comprehension of the picture of the situation and the causes, possibilities and variants of its development.

Currently, some socionic schools are typing (socionic diagnostics) using the signs Reinin.

## A new round in socionics

Reinin's symptoms are fifteen orthogonal binary signs of the type of information-energy metabolism or human sociotype, identified and proven by Grigoriy Romanovich Reinin, a Russian mathematician and psychologist born in present-day St. Petersburg.

Ausra Augustinavichyute and his colleague Larisa Kobrinskaya in 1980 suggested that there are 11 dichotomous signs, in addition to the already known four Jungian characters, and they are formed precisely when the Jungian dichotomies are multiplied. A little later, the St. Petersburg mathematician Rainin was given a mathematical basis for this hypothesis, on the basis of which a stable definition - the Reinin attributes - was fixed. Gregory Reinin from the mathematical point of view justified the signs as follows: from X and Y, two orthogonal binary features, we get X * Y - a binary feature, which in its turn is also considered orthogonal to the previous two. In general, it is possible to obtain 2 ^ (n-1) -n derivatives of orthogonal signs (naturally, in the presence of n independent dichotomies), including derivatives of derivatives. Accordingly, by multiplying these four Jungian independent dichotomies, we obtain eleven derived characteristics.

## Mathematical justification of features

Grigory Reinin proved using mathematical methods, in addition to the fact that 16 socionic types that are well-known can be divided into four features, they can be broken down in 11 ways.

| | | | | | | | | |

Logic \ Ethics | + | - | - | + | - | + | + | - | - |

Intuition \ Sensorics | + | - | - | + | + | - | - | + | - |

Extraversion \ Introversion | + | - | + | - | + | - | + | - | + |

Irrationality / Rationality | + | + | - | - | - | - | + | + | + |

Democratism \ Aristocratism | + | + | + | + | - | - | - | - | + |

Complacency \ Stubbornness | + | + | - | - | - | - | + | + | - |

Carelessness / Forethought | + | + | - | - | + | + | - | - | - |

Constructivism \ Emotivism | + | - | + | - | + | - | + | - | - |

Tactics \ Strategy | + | - | + | - | - | + | - | + | - |

Statics \ Dynamics | + | - | - | + | - | + | + | - | + |

Positivism \ Negativism | + | - | + | - | - | + | - | + | + |

Process \ Result | + | + | - | - | + | + | - | - | + |

Fun \ Severity | + | + | + | + | + | + | + | + | - |

Reasonableness \ Decisiveness | + | + | + | + | - | - | - | - | - |

Kvestimnost \ Declarativeness | + | - | - | + | + | - | - | + | + |

There are signs of Reinin (the table shows it). But, as was revealed by Rainin, the already known 4 signs are far from being a complete set of non-reflexive (orthogonal) features, and by multiplying those 4, we get 11 more derived features. Some socionics argue that Reinin's findings are equitable, and derivatives can be obtained from any four independent dichotomies.

Today, in the age of maximum information availability, it's enough just to find any. This, including, and signs Reinin (test or calculator TIM, type of information metabolism). More common groups: rationality - irrational, logic - ethics, introversion - extraversion and sensorics - intuition. The introduction of additional features, as well as the formation of the table and test, greatly simplified the process of determining the type, which was a great leap forward to the development of socionics as a science.

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