Modern medicine uses in its practice both new and already well-known means of treatment and prevention of diseases. The introduction of a mandatory calendar of preventive vaccinations made it possible to get rid of outbreaks of infectious pathology.
Many diseases today allow for successful specific prevention. Most often it is represented by immunization. Gamma-globulin - a special fraction of the protein, represented by antibodies. Today, there are three main types of gamma globulins. The structure of the latter can vary depending on the specific disease.
Scientific studies have confirmed the presence in human gamma globulin of antiviral and antibacterial antibodies to various diseases. Such features make it possible to use these protein fractions for the treatment and prevention of infectious pathology.
Today, special preparations based on gamma globulin are known. These drugs undergo constant monitoring for apyrogenicity, sterility and harmlessness. They are active against measles, whooping cough, typhoid and polio, are used to prevent and treat the latter.
Gamma globulin is used as a means for specific immunoprophylaxis. Creating a passive immunity for a certain, limited period, the tool is used for emergency prevention, since the rate of onset and development of the effect (resistance to antibodies of viruses and bacteria) is maximal.
Gamma globulin is increased in the case when the human body is attacking infectious agents. Most actively, this protein compound is used for prophylaxis in children. These compounds are used for prevention in those who have had contact with a patient with this infection. The duration of retention of passive immunity is on average three to four weeks.
Antistaphylococcal gamma globulin is used to prevent staphylococcal infection. The duration of the developing immunity is two to three weeks. In addition, globulins are used to prevent adenoviral infections in organized children's groups (nurseries, gardens, schools), especially in the period of epidemic morbidity upsurge.
Specific prophylaxis is also used in epidemic hepatitis, when gamma globulin is administered to children in nurseries, gardens and schools. The dosage of the drug is 1 ml. The icteric period in this case is halved, the function of the liver is restored faster, which reduces the possibility of complications.
Polymyelitis patients who are in contact with children are given gamma globulin at a rate of 0.3 milliliters per kilogram of the child's body weight.
When a child contacts a sick scarlet fever, three to six milliliters of the corresponding globulin are injected at a time. This immunoprophylaxis reduces the risk of developing the disease.
Due to the property of globulins to stimulate the immune system, similar drugs are used to treat weakened patients with chronic diseases. The introduction of these drugs is justified in the case of long-term antibacterial drugs, since the latter significantly reduce the activity of the protective properties of the body.
The drug is injected intramuscularly into the shoulder or upper-outer quadrant of the gluteal region.
Thus, gamma globulin today is used not only as a means for passive immunoprophylaxis, but also as an effective treatment for infectious pathology. The use of drugs based on gamma globulin has established itself as an effective means of restoring the human immune system.