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Hooliganism and vandalism are forms of extremism: punishment, responsibility and prevention

In the article we will talk about such issues as hooliganism and vandalism. The concept, reasons, motives, types, examples - all these topics will be touched on below.

Any actions that are illegal and unacceptable to perform in public places can be called hooliganism. At a minimum, such behavior expresses disrespect for other residents of the city, as well as infringement of their rights. Considering the criminal code of the Russian Federation, it must be said that Article 213 on the prohibition of hooliganism implies in the event of its violation arrest (up to 5 years), fine or correctional labor.

Vandalism can be attributed to such unlawful situations. However, this concept implies the defilement or destruction of any property that has received a huge cultural, historical or other value. The object can belong to both the ordinary citizen and the state (society).

A comparative description of hooliganism and vandalism is presented later in the article.


What is hidden under the notion of extremism? This is the tendency of an individual or a whole group to follow and propagate a radical way of life, attitudes and views.

Extremism and extremist activity is becoming interesting to people who are trying to bring a new life, rules, to the society to a different direction. Sometimes their motive may be a desire to overthrow the current authorities and take it into their own hands. However, not always people with radical opinions pursue positive goals. That is why extremism is punished at the legislative level. The motivation of violators is radically different from that of those who comply with all state rules. This behavior can pursue both personal goals and group goals. When a person finds himself in such a society, he rethinks his values, adopts certain features of behavior, sets new tasks for himself. During the meetings of extremists, everyone takes an active part in the discussion, where everyone offers his solutions, ways of implementation. As a rule, people exchange opinions, experience and some knowledge. Leaders use means of suggestion and persuasion. They will help to direct a person to decisive actions. Hooliganism and vandalism are forms of extremism, propaganda is propagated in such ways.

What is hooliganism?

If we take into consideration the legislation of the Russian Federation, then hooliganism means a serious violation of public order, which clearly shows the attitude of the offender (or group) to other residents - disrespect. Violence is often used, both moral (threats) and physical. Often delinquents destroy other people's property. In terms of their concepts, hooliganism and vandalism are quite similar. Types of hooliganism: malicious, especially malignant.

When it comes to such an offense as a kind of extremism, it is necessary to understand certain things. Minor hooliganism, related to administrative responsibility, has nothing to do with criminal pursuits. Similar can be called the use of abusive words on the street or in other public places, harassment of citizens, which is really classified as offensive, and other similar actions. For such violations, a person will respond according to the administrative code (art. 158).

Hooliganism and vandalism are forms of extremism, but the motives for each crime are different. Why does the offender commit his acts? Often motivation for him are the following factors: the desire to be a leader or to be seen, the offense "to the whole world" (most often this is the cause of teenage extremism), a special desire to appear strong and courageous, to have fun. Sometimes hooliganism can be committed in connection with a dislike for one or the other person.

Article 213

Hooliganism, which is committed with the help of weapons or any other objects capable of causing harm, in order to show their racial, ideological, national hatred or enmity towards any group of people, is punished with three kinds of restrictions. What will be applied depends on the gravity and intent of the crime. The criminal responsibility for hooliganism (and vandalism too) in Russia is not truly serious:

  • Mandatory work can be assigned. The minimum period is 180 hours, the maximum is 240 hours.
  • Corrective labor is often used. They are appointed for a period of 1 year to 2 years.
  • If the violation is too heavy, the court can award imprisonment. The maximum period is 5 years.

If, however, the action is carried out by a group of persons as a result of collusion with the desire to oppose the present authorities (or to damage any other person engaged in the protection of order), imprisonment is used as punishment. The maximum period is 7 years.


People who, for a specific purpose or without it, destroy different kinds of values are called vandals. This type of activity can easily be attributed to extremism, which is punishable by the relevant law of the current code of the Russian Federation. Vandalism, the emergence, essence and varieties of this act - questions are quite complex in the legal sphere, but urgent.

What can be called the defining sign of a crime? At a minimum, spontaneity and irrationality of all actions, which as a result bring huge consequences. Considering everyday situations that have become standard for society, you can see that the vandalism began to "merge" with hooliganism, in which foreign property spoils.

Article 214

Due to the fact that vandalism is considered a less serious crime than hooliganism, the punishment for it is relaxed.

A person who deals with the desecration of monuments can receive three months of arrest, a year of correctional labor, no more than 360 hours - mandatory or a fine of about 40 thousand rubles. If the offender is unable to provide the entire amount, the court can force him to give some share of the salary within 3 months.

Actions classified as vandalism can be carried out by a group of people, or by a single citizen. If they are carried out with the desire to infringe upon a certain race, political orientation, nationality, and so on, then the court can use one punishment out of three (restriction of freedom, complete deprivation, forced correctional labor). What will be chosen depends on the gravity of the crime. The maximum term of each punishment is 3 years.

Varieties of vandalism

There are a lot of classifications of the offense, but consider the most famous of them, which refer to such acts as hooliganism and vandalism. Species are the same for all, except that the first atrocity has a more extensive list.

Such an act can be considered as follows:

  • Burning books;
  • graffiti;
  • Destruction and other desecrating acts over graves;
  • Arson of churches;
  • Damage or complete destruction of spiritual values.


Figures on houses or in other places that bear negative connotations are propagandizing and so on can be called hooliganism, for which any person will be held responsible. Vandalism in this case manifests itself in damage to the property of an ordinary citizen or state.

Tegging is widespread. What it is? Tegging is the process of applying the author's signature to any surface. This is done in a few seconds, as a person quickly attracts attention.

For bombing is also possible to get a term or a fine. There is nothing special about this technique. She distinguished herself by the fact that the author (s) uses only two colors of paint. One is necessary for general filling, the second for the contour.

Now there are disputes, graffiti - is it art or is it still a kind of vandalism? Often, authors get what they deserve only if their drawing carries a negative connotation. Law enforcement agencies seldom deal with children who simply inflicted some uncomplicated and unremarkable pattern on the fence.

Vandalism and extremism of adolescents

Most often, extremism among adolescents occurs as a result of constant quarrels or conflicts at home. Other factors may include the following factors: influence on the part of authoritative children, peers, parents who have radical opinions. In addition, the causes of hooliganism or vandalism can be stress, stress and psychology (strong suggestibility or too much aggression). The state is actively working to reduce the incidence of extremism among adolescents, as this is the most vulnerable link in the society. In order for preventive measures to be successful, it is necessary to understand where the thoughts come from doing such acts. Hooliganism and vandalism are varieties of extremism that are so popular among young people.

Bright examples of teenage rebellion: graffiti, street brawls, strikes, arson, violence of various kinds and so on.

Preventive measures

Since young people are often involved in extremism, although this is common among adults, prevention can be called effective. Children and adolescents can easily be influenced. This is due to a weak mentality, which by virtue of age has not yet recovered, and also with the lack of firm beliefs and goals in life. An unconfirmed position is that it often confuses a teenager from the right path and leads him to such violations as extremism and vandalism. Prevention in schools and other institutions is extremely important. Without it, you can not do. But do not forget about the parents who can accidentally bring the child to extreme situations. Therefore, similar preventive work should be done with them.

Comparison of vandalism and hooliganism

An important distinction of hooliganism can be called its purpose. The danger of this crime lies in the fact that as a result of its implementation, public rest is disturbed. Moreover, the rights and freedoms of a resident of the Russian Federation may be affected, which is unacceptable. Quite often, such crimes lead to the commission of an even more severe classification of the act.

Vandalism is a danger, as a result of which personal human rights are not affected. It is aimed at the desecration of property, monuments and other values, both spiritual and material.

It is important to be able to distinguish hooliganism and vandalism. The varieties of extremism, examples of which are given in the article, have become too ordinary in our life, and with this one needs to do something.

Existing differences

Hooliganism Vandalism
The concept of

The most significant difference in hooliganism is the goal. The danger of this offense is that as a result, public order is violated

Vandalism is a danger where the individual's personal rights are not affected. It is aimed at the desecration of cultural property, historical monuments, works of art

Object of Crime

The public order is considered an object of hooliganism. Under this definition, any concepts that are considered social rules should be understood. And it has no role, in which sphere of society the offense was committed. There are absolutely everything under protection. An additional object can be called human health, his honor, dignity and so on

The object of vandalism, as already understood, are monuments and other assets. To such it is possible to carry also personal things of any of citizens of the state

Subject of crime

The subject of the crime is a person who is 16 years old

The subject can be any person from 14 years and older. The reason for the commission may be revenge, anger, the desire to commit the action of extremism and hatred of certain groups of people

Subject of crime

The subject of an offense in committing hooliganism can be considered any material object, animate or not, in connection with which the act is committed

In the commission of vandalism, the crime subject may be buildings, various structures, other property that is public. For example, seating in wagons, public transport, glass, doors, cinemas and their equipment and so on. If we are talking about the manifestation of vandalism against personal belongings of a person, then the subject of the crime already has a different composition. It is fully described in Article 167 of the Code of Russia

The objective side

The objective side of hooliganism is a violation of order, in which disrespect is expressed for society as a whole. Weapons may be used. That is, the objective side in this case is expressed in three acts: the fact of violation of order, unconcealed hatred towards people and the use of dangerous items. A gross crime should be considered that which as a result always brings great harm to society or to one person (group of persons). An example can be called listening to music at night at a high volume, deliberately stopping the functioning of public transport and so on. The use of weapons for their intended purpose or demonstrational use of them for committing moral violence and forcing the victim to do certain acts is also considered hooliganism

Speaking of the objective side of vandalism, it must be said that it has two forms. The first is to damage private or public buildings, while the second is to damage property in various public places. The desecration of buildings is considered as such, if the structure becomes an unseemly kind and offends public norms of morality

The subjective side

The subjective side of hooliganism is quite understandable. This violation is always considered intentional. A person who does not have deviations in the psyche or brain work, is able to assess his motives, causes and actions. Accordingly, a person consciously goes to commit a crime and is able to assess all the real consequences. Especially if he uses weapons or other dangerous items capable of harming the victim

The subjective side of vandalism, like hooliganism, is intent. A person is able to adequately assess their actions and understand that they are contrary to the laws of Russia

Crime scene

Hooliganism, as a rule, is committed in any public place. These can be a cinema, a park, shops. But often the crime is carried out in uninhabited places, where there is only a criminal and a victim

Vandalism is carried out only in a public place

The article will help a person better navigate the types of manifestation of extremism, as well as understand the difference between hooliganism and vandalism. Therefore, it is unlikely that anyone else will have controversial issues on this topic. Specific examples are also presented above. Hooliganism and vandalism are varieties of extremism that should be eradicated from modern society.

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