Perhaps, to understand the main idea of the immortal novel by Daniel Defoe and to cover immediately all the short content of the book "Robinson Crusoe" will help the thought of a completely different literary hero who lives many centuries later - Dr. Ravik from the "Triumphal Arch" Remarque. These are the words that whatever fate it may be, it can not break the "calm courage" that confronts it.
Why is an adventurer and politician, a bright journalist, pamphleteer and conspiratorial leader of British intelligence after opal and prison at the age of 60 create an immortal "Robinson"? How could it happen that a man who, in his secret career, reached a period of influence on the king and the government, ended his life in poverty? The author, a person who is inconsistent, constantly and actively interacting with the society, creates an amazingly internally intact literary hero, absolutely detached from all social life. Self-assessment of the days spent by the paradoxical method "from the opposite" by Defoe himself, "Robinson Crusoe", draws its brief from reliable stories.
The basis of the book was the real story of pirate Alexander Selkirk, for disagreeing with the captain of the landed on the uninhabited island of Mas-a-Tierra, located in the Pacific Ocean at a distance of 670 kilometers from the coast of Chile. The disgraced corsair lived on the island for 4 years and 4 months.
What does the summary tell us about? Robinson Crusoe, a native of York, a Brazilian planter, having gone after black slaves, after a shipwreck, is on an Atlantic island near the mouth of the Orinoco River . By means of a constructed raft, he manages to deliver carpentry tools, weapons, and edibles to the shore from a destroyed ship. Robinson has a reassessment of values. For him, the most expensive thing is an ax, a saw, a knife, and the gold that is taken out of the ship on the island does not matter.
He remains alone with the nature and climate of the island. This is the plot of the plot, which is briefly described. Robinson Crusoe builds his cunning house-fortress, hidden behind a palisade, where to reach it is possible only by means of a ladder. Further, during the extraction of goat meat, he comes up with the idea of taming these animals. Soon, in addition to meat, he has milk and cheese. True gift of the sky Robinson considers the accidentally sprouted grains of barley and rice, without any "back thought" simply shaken out with some garbage from the bags that are being released. Becoming involuntarily a breeder, a few years later he was able to plant a field that feeds him.
A pragmatic, "economic" approach to his life of the protagonist conditioned the entire book with a logical summary. Robinson Crusoe, thanks to consistent reasonable work, is transformed from an unhappy, defeated element of the wanderer into the owner of a sound natural economy. A real gift for him are the melons and grapes found on the island. Now he has plenty of raisins. His leisure is brightened up by three cats and a dog, miraculously surviving on a crashed ship. He begins to plan his day, allocating between labors time for reading the Bible and writing. Robinson keeps his calendar.
All this time, the wanderer cherishes the dream of building a ship and sailing away to civilization. But the pie cut out of the log can not even be pushed to the water. One thing is clear - an assistant is needed. On the coast of the island begin to periodically appear for their rituals of cannibals. The threat to the life of the protagonist fills with notes of anxiety a brief content. Robinson Crusoe with the help of a weapon beats off their sacrificed Friday, which becomes a loyal servant and friend. Together with Friday with weapons, they free the cannibals of a Spanish prisoner with the old man, the father of Friday. Together, they expand their farm, build a ship and send rescued to the continent. Soon on the island are fellow Robinson. The rebellious crew land for the execution of the captain, his assistant and one of the passengers. But Robinson, perfectly oriented on the island, frees the doomed Englishmen and together they get dressed with troublemakers. The two most notorious scoundrels had to be thrown up on the river, with the rest they acted humanely - they left their lives and handed over the entire Robinson farm to their possession. Further, the ship of the sovereign country of the seas goes to its native shores.
The twenty-eight-year-old island history of the Englishman, whose name became a household name, is completed. A pleasant surprise awaits him at home. The Brazilian plantation, managed in its absence by the state, has accrued to it the income for all years of absence. Robinson marries, he has children. Life has improved. Classic happy ending.