Cedar Korean, sometimes called pine, is a coniferous tree that can grow to a height of 60 meters. The straight trunk has a diameter of 2 m. The stem part contains a woody layer of about 16 cu. M.
Pine Korean (Korean cedar) has a fairly thin peeling bark of brown or gray hue. Over time, cracks appear on it and small plates are formed. The crone differs in density, is lowered sufficiently low. Young branches of a branch form a broad cone, adults have a crown in the form of an oblong cylinder.
A fairly powerful plant is Korean cedar. The description of it indicates that it captures a large space, directing its branches upwards. The shoots formed recently have a brown color, they are lowered downwards. The root rod is poorly developed, but there are a large number of lateral processes that penetrate into the soil by approximately 1-1.5 meters.
Lifetime and prevalence
In the wild, the tree fructifies from 6 to 10 years. If the plant is cultivated, it fructifies very long - from 20 to 30 years. On the Korean pine appears a large number of nuts about once every 4 years. One cedar can bring up to 500 cones, in each of which there are 150 nuts.
This amazing tree has become widespread in the territory of Far Eastern Russia, it grows in the lands of Primorye and Amur Region, in the Khabarovsk Territory. There are beautiful forests with conifers and broad-leaved plants, where a variety of animals and birds live and feed, and there is a large number of plants used for medicinal purposes.
Not far from the cedar you can often see linden or ash, ribbed birch and spruce, oak and other trees that prefer a warm climate. Quite a rare phenomenon - plantations consisting entirely of Korean pine. Its homeland is Japan and the northeastern part of China.
For the development of wood, the moist soil, characterized by freshness, lightness, fertility, is very suitable. The moisture should not be excessively stagnant. A shadow is allowed, but at least during a certain period of the day, good light access must be provided. Cedar is able to stoically experience frosts to minus 50 degrees. It also grows safely in urban conditions.
One of the varieties of this plant is Sulange - a rather tall tree with a dense crown in the form of a cone with a fragile long needles of a gray-green color. The cones are ovoid in shape. The ends of the seed flakes are bent. Each cone contains 130 nuts. The cedar begins to bear such fruit only on the 15th year of life.
The crown of this tree is openwork, quite beautiful. It is thanks to this that many use this plant for decorative purposes, decorating their gardens, planting one or more small groups.
Any territory can be organically decorated and complemented with Korean cedar. Cultivation of it comes from nuts (seeds). The varietal units that have already been tested by professionals engaged in horticulture are best suited.
Planting is carried out in spring, preferably in April-May. Each seed stratifies before sowing. Within two hours it should be in a solution of potassium permanganate. Then add the heated water and leave to soak for three days. The liquid should change every day.
Then mix nuts, from which they want to grow Korean cedar, with sand and peat. The resulting substance is placed in a box of wood, in which there are holes for air circulation. Every two weeks the mixture should be mixed and moistened. The most suitable temperature for storage is +5 ... + 8 degrees.
Under such conditions, the plant quickly sprouts, after which it is planted in the ground to a depth of 20-30 centimeters. From above add crumb from peat and sawdust. Due to this, the soil will not dry excessively, thicken and become covered with weeds.
Features of care
Korean cedar is best grown in conditions of moderate humidity. Soils must be sandy loamy or loamy. To prevent damage caused by birds and rodents, use shields that are made of twigs or shingles. They are laid on top of the bars so that the distance from the soil is 6 cm.
The land in which the sowing is carried out, it is necessary to weed, loosen and water. Effective means are top dressings from the mullein and mineral fertilizers. This is how Korean cedar is grown. Its seedlings are excavated and planted on a permanent place - often in urban parks or squares. They also like to buy gardeners for their own land allotments.
The disadvantage of the tree is the fact that its needles do not tolerate smoky and dusty city air, so Korean cedar should be planted away from highways.
Many gardeners note that the needles of Korean pine are soft, has three facets of green, blue and bluish colors. On the edges of the needles you can see small jags. Thanks to this Korean cedar has a decorative look, which is very appreciated by gardeners.
Needles of this plant live from 2 to 4 years. Many like pretty big bumps, like wide eggs 16 cm in length. When flowering occurs, they acquire a light brown tint, become erect during ripening, are colored green, the scales are compressed and covered with hairs that are hard to touch.
Such a plant can become a true pride of every fan of wildlife, who wants to decorate its territory.