Landscaping of the site. Landscaping of the territory. Landscaping project

Every year the number of plants on our planet is steadily decreasing. Natural cataclysms, the general deforestation of forests for industrial purposes lead to the weakening of the "light Earth", which, in turn, negatively affects our health. And although recently there have been activities aimed at greening the city, nevertheless, in many metropolitan areas you can not breathe fresh medicinal air. And not everyone can afford to go out for a vacation outside the city or in ecologically clean regions of the country.

However, there is an excellent way out of this situation! You can create your own oasis and perform landscaping of the infield. This solution will not only provide you with clean air near your home, but also become an exciting hobby for the whole family. Plus, your house will be transformed, it will become absolutely unique and unique.

How to start greening the site?

First of all, you need to create a sketch of the landscape plan. How to do it? It is necessary to take a blank sheet of paper and draw on it the entire house area with the house, as if you are looking at it from above. The fence can be marked by an ordinary line. The plan should include the size of the house, the length and width of the plot, as well as the distance from the building to the fence. If the site already has trees, bushes, flower beds, stone paths and a pond, they should also be noted.

The next stage is creative. It is necessary to come up with what exactly will be the greening of the territory of your house site. Landscape design is characterized by a huge variety of styles. The main thing is to consider the size of the plot. If the area allows, then from the facade of the house you can break a lawn with a stone path and single trees or bushes. In the back yard you can arrange a cozy gazebo hidden from prying eyes, or arrange a place for a barbecue. In the depth of the house area will look great decorative fountain or pond.

The landscaping project should be carefully thought out. It is better to give preference to several types of plants with bright flowers or leaves of different shades of not only green, but also brown, red, red or even blue. After the idea is considered, it is necessary to note on the plan the location of future garden scenery and new buildings: arbors, fountains, ponds, terraces for recreation. All facilities must be in harmony with each other.

Practical part

After the landscaping of the site has been carefully thought out on paper, one can begin to realize its idea in practice. To begin with, it is necessary to clear the territory of garbage, dried driftwood and plants. All facilities that are not provided for in the greening plan should be dismantled, and excess trees must be removed. Perhaps in some places the surface of the earth will need to be leveled.

It is possible to mount an arbor, a pond or a reservoir on your own, but to obtain a qualitative result it is better to contact specialists who will perform all necessary work. Further landscaping of the territory consists in marking out places for planting ornamental plants and bushes. Success will largely depend on the quality of the soil. If the land is poor for fertilizers, then most plants will be frail, which will not add to the attraction of the community landscape. In order not to waste effort, it is better to carry out an analysis of soil samples and, if necessary, perform soil fertilization according to the recommendations of the laboratory. Now it remains only to pick up suitable plants and learn about the peculiarities of caring for them.

Landscaping of the outer part of the infield

The outer part refers to the territory that runs along the perimeter, separating the site from neighbors or undeveloped lands. The green hedge that protects you from prying eyes will look very harmonious. It can be run both around the perimeter and partially. This hedge is an excellent alternative to boring and familiar wooden or metal fences. A hedge can represent not only shrubs in one or two rows, but also fruit fruit or ornamental trees.

A two-row hedge can consist of both trees and bushes: rose bushes, gooseberries or currants, lilacs, jasmine or honeysuckle. Such landscaping of the site will not only protect you from the passers-by, but also make you happy with the pleasant aroma during the spring flowering season.

Landscaping of the inner part of the plot

The inner part is the area that directly adjoins the building. Here you can show your imagination in full: beautiful flower beds and flower beds, curbs, garden paths, artificial ponds, waterfalls and fountains. Special attention should be paid to curly cultures: ivy, wild grapes, various lianas. Because they require support, then such plants can be used to hide under their foliage unsightly fences, extensions or any defects in landscape design. Places for recreation (gazebos, alcoves, verandas) can also be decorated with "convolvulus". To ennoble the inner part of the courtyard it is appropriate to use unpretentious ampel plants: fuchsia, petunia, surfium, which will gracefully descend from suspended flowerpots, pots and baskets.

Arrangement of the intermediate part of the house territory

This part of the site is designed to ennoble the entire territory and is located in places accessible to the eye: in recreation areas, opposite the entrance doors or windows. Landscaping of the site in this zone is, perhaps, the most laborious and responsible. This territory is usually very extensive and always attracts special attention. That is why, when performing the intermediate gardening of the infield area, you should worry about the drainage system, the possibility of irrigation and irrigation. Given the large area of this landscape area, you can resort to the creation of a lawn, which will perfectly match with the rockery or rock garden.

A few tips for beginning "landscapers"

When landscape design, whether it is the planting of a city or a separate infield, should be guided by some small rules that will protect against serious errors.

1. It is better to plant less than "overdo it".

2. Trees can not be planted close to the house, because in time they will begin to shade the windows, dampness and mold may appear in the rooms.

3. It is necessary to adhere strictly to the prepared landscape plan.

4. When buying bushes or trees, ask the seller how big they will be in a few years.

5. It is better to avoid straight lines when creating landscaping. Let the paths and flower beds be twisty, so the garden will appear more spacious.

6. Lawns need constant care. Therefore, if you do not have enough free time, then the lawn should be discarded.

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